Physical Therapy (PT) is often prescribed for patients with back pain and other spinal problems. It can help to reduce pain, increase flexibility, build strength, and even improve your posture. A well-designed PT treatment plan can help speed a spine patient’s recovery. Water therapy (also called aquatic therapy), is an element of PT treatment plans that consists of a variety of aquatic-based treatments and exercises designed for back pain relief and to condition and strengthen muscles. Water therapy exercise offers many of the same benefits associated with a land-based exercise program with the added benefits of water.